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Panicum amarum – Bitter Panic Grass

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Panicum amarum – Bitter Panic Grass

Panicum amarum, known as Bitter Panic Grass, is a perennial grass native to coastal areas, valued for its ability to stabilize sand dunes and prevent erosion. With its tall, upright growth and attractive blue-green foliage, this hardy plant is an excellent choice for natural landscapes, coastal restoration projects, and gardeners seeking to add texture and movement to their outdoor spaces. Bitter Panic Grass is drought-tolerant, salt-tolerant, and provides important habitat for wildlife, making it a beneficial and environmentally supportive addition to coastal and other challenging environments.


Please note: Most pictures represent mature plants. Unless otherwise specified, all of our plants are sold in 4″ pots to make shipping possible and will mature in time.

Learn more about how the process works and how our plants are delivered.

Plant in 4" pot

Additional information


Single, 6-Pack, 9-Pack, Flat

Common Name

Bitter Panic Grass


Ornamental grass



Native Range

Southeastern United States


6, 7

Height Range (ft.)

3.00 to 4.00

Spread (ft.)

2.00 to 3.00

Bloom Time

December, February, January, November, October, September

Bloom Description



Full Sun, Part Shade


Dry, Medium



Suggested Use

Naturalize, Rain Garden


Air Pollution, Black Walnut, Drought, Dry Soil, Erosion






Winter Interest

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Product Description

Embrace the resilience and ecological benefits of Panicum amarum, commonly referred to as Bitter Panic Grass. This robust perennial grass is a staple in coastal ecosystems, where its deep root system helps to stabilize soil, prevent erosion, and protect sand dunes against the harsh elements. Beyond its practical uses, Bitter Panic Grass offers aesthetic appeal with its tall, slender stems and blue-green leaves that sway gracefully in the breeze.

Why Plant Bitter Panic Grass?

1368 original - Panicum amarum - Bitter Panic Grass

  1. Erosion Control: Its extensive root system makes it highly effective at stabilizing soil in coastal and sandy environments, combating erosion naturally.
  2. Wildlife Habitat: Provides cover and nesting material for birds and other wildlife, contributing to biodiversity.
  3. Drought and Salt Tolerance: Thrives in areas with salt spray and occasional drought, making it a low-maintenance option for challenging sites.
  4. Landscape Versatility: While ideal for coastal restoration, it also adds texture and movement to ornamental gardens, naturalized areas, and meadow plantings.

Cultivation and Care

1369 original - Panicum amarum - Bitter Panic Grass

  1. Sunlight: Prefers full sun, flourishing in open, sunny locations.
  2. Soil Conditions: Adapts to a wide range of soils, from sandy and poor to more fertile loams, provided they are well-drained.
  3. Watering: Once established, it is highly drought-resistant, requiring little to no supplemental watering.
  4. Spacing: For mass plantings or ground cover, space plants approximately 3-4 feet apart to allow for natural spreading.

Design Ideas and Uses:

Bitter Panic Grass can be used in a variety of landscaping projects. Its ability to thrive in coastal conditions makes it an invaluable plant for beachfront properties, dune restoration, and erosion control efforts. In residential gardens, it can serve as a striking backdrop in perennial borders or as part of a mixed grass planting, where its height and texture provide contrast to other plants.

Supporting Ecosystems:

By incorporating Bitter Panic Grass into your landscape, you’re not only enhancing the beauty of your space but also supporting the health of the local environment. Its role in soil stabilization, habitat provision, and adaptability to harsh conditions make it a key species in coastal and sandy ecosystems.

Adding Panicum amarum to your garden or restoration project brings not only visual interest but also a strong commitment to ecological health and sustainability. With its natural beauty, resilience, and environmental benefits, Bitter Panic Grass is a powerful ally in the garden and beyond.

1367 original - Panicum amarum - Bitter Panic Grass


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Summer Shipping Concerns

Please expect some delays in shipping during summer months!

Shipping perishable items in the heat of summer can be tricky to say the least. Our goal is to try to get your plants to you in the best shape possible.

This means we may hold off on shipping items during periods of excessively high temperatures to give your new plants the best chance of surviving their journey in good shape.