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Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot

Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot

Monarda fistulosa, commonly called wild bergamot, is a native perennial that occurs in dryish soils on prairies, dry rocky woods and glade margins, unplanted fields and along roads and railroads. It is a clump-forming, mint family member that grows typically to 2-4′ tall.

Provides color and contrast for the herb garden, wild garden, native plant garden, meadow or naturalized area. May be used in the perennial border, but is simply a less colorful selection than the similar-in-appearance Monarda didyma and its many cultivars (the beebalms). Of note, this plant is tolerant of black walnut.” (North Carolina Extension)


Unless otherwise specified, all of our plants are sold in 4″ pots. 

Learn more about how the process works and how our plants are delivered.

Plant in 4" pot

Additional information


Single, 6-Pack, 9-Pack, Flat

Common Name


Herbaceous Perennial



Native Range

North America


3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Height Range (ft.)

2.00 to 4.00

Spread (ft.)

2.00 to 3.00

Bloom Time

August, July, September

Bloom Description

Lavender, Pink


Full Sun, Part Shade


Dry, Medium



Suggested Use

Herb, Naturalize, Rain Garden


Black Walnut, Clay Soil, Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil


Fragrant, Good Cut, Good Dried, Showy





Product Description


Monarda Fistulosa Botany By Dr. John Hilty

Mint family (Lamiaceae)

1392 original - Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot


“The preference is full or partial sun, and moist to slightly dry conditions. Growth is more luxuriant in a moist rich loam, although this can cause the plant to flop around as the growing season progresses. Under drought conditions, the lower leaves will turn yellow and drop off the stems; this reaction is normal. ” (Hilty)

1394 original - Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot

Faunal Associations: 

“The nectar of the flowers attracts long-tongued bees, bee flies, butterflies, skippers, and hummingbird moths. Among the long-tongued bees, are such visitors as bumblebees, Miner bees, Epeoline Cuckoo bees, and large Leaf-Cutting bees. A small black bee (Dufourea monardae) specializes in the pollination of Monarda flowers. Sometimes Halictid bees collect pollen, while some wasps steal nectar by perforating the nectar tube. The Ruby-Throated Hummingbird also visits the flowers. The caterpillars of the moths Sphinx eremitus (Hermit Sphinx) and Agriopodes teratophora (Gray Marvel) feed on the foliage. A seed bug (Ortholomus scolopax) is sometimes found in the flowerheads. Mammalian herbivores usually avoid this plant as a food source, probably because of the oregano-mint flavor of the leaves and their capacity to cause indigestion; they may contain chemicals that disrupt populations of beneficial bacteria in the digestive tract.” (Hilty)

1393 original - Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot

1396 original - Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot

Type: Herbaceous perennial
Family: Lamiaceae
Native Range: North America
Zone: 3 to 9
Height: 2.00 to 4.00 feet
Spread: 2.00 to 3.00 feet
Bloom Time: July to September
Bloom Description: Pink/lavender
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Water: Dry to medium
Maintenance: Medium
Suggested Use: Herb, Naturalize, Rain Garden
Flower: Showy, Fragrant, Good Cut, Good Dried
Leaf: Fragrant
Attracts: Hummingbirds, Butterflies
Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Clay Soil, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil, Black Walnut

  1. Copyright Long Island Natives
  2. “Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)” by wackybadger is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0
  3. Flower with Bumblebee (Cabarrus County,NC)” by Hope Duckworth is licensed under CC BY 4.0
  4. mature flower, early summer, Durham County, NC” By Carol Tierney is licensed under CC BY 4.0
  5. “Monarda fistulosa WILD BERGAMOT” by gmayfield10 is licensed under CC PDM 1.0
  6. “Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)” by wackybadger is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0




Information and images compiled by Erik N. Vegeto

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