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Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot

Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot

Monarda fistulosa, commonly called wild bergamot, is a native perennial that occurs in dryish soils on prairies, dry rocky woods and glade margins, unplanted fields and along roads and railroads. It is a clump-forming, mint family member that grows typically to 2-4′ tall.

Provides color and contrast for the herb garden, wild garden, native plant garden, meadow or naturalized area. May be used in the perennial border, but is simply a less colorful selection than the similar-in-appearance Monarda didyma and its many cultivars (the beebalms). Of note, this plant is tolerant of black walnut.” (North Carolina Extension)

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Unless otherwise specified, all of our plants are sold in 4″ pots. 

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Plant in 4" pot

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Common Name

Type

Herbaceous Perennial

Family

Lamiaceae

Native Range

North America

Zone

3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Height Range (ft.)

2.00 to 4.00

Spread (ft.)

2.00 to 3.00

Bloom Time

August, July, September

Bloom Description

Lavender, Pink

Sun

Full Sun, Part Shade

Water

Dry, Medium

Maintenance

Medium

Suggested Use

Herb, Naturalize, Rain Garden

Tolerate

Black Walnut, Clay Soil, Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil

Flower

Fragrant, Good Cut, Good Dried, Showy

Leaf

Fragrant

Attracts

,

Product Description

 

Monarda Fistulosa Botany By Dr. John Hilty

Mint family (Lamiaceae)

1392 original - Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot

Cultivation:

“The preference is full or partial sun, and moist to slightly dry conditions. Growth is more luxuriant in a moist rich loam, although this can cause the plant to flop around as the growing season progresses. Under drought conditions, the lower leaves will turn yellow and drop off the stems; this reaction is normal. ” (Hilty)

1394 original - Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot


Faunal Associations: 

“The nectar of the flowers attracts long-tongued bees, bee flies, butterflies, skippers, and hummingbird moths. Among the long-tongued bees, are such visitors as bumblebees, Miner bees, Epeoline Cuckoo bees, and large Leaf-Cutting bees. A small black bee (Dufourea monardae) specializes in the pollination of Monarda flowers. Sometimes Halictid bees collect pollen, while some wasps steal nectar by perforating the nectar tube. The Ruby-Throated Hummingbird also visits the flowers. The caterpillars of the moths Sphinx eremitus (Hermit Sphinx) and Agriopodes teratophora (Gray Marvel) feed on the foliage. A seed bug (Ortholomus scolopax) is sometimes found in the flowerheads. Mammalian herbivores usually avoid this plant as a food source, probably because of the oregano-mint flavor of the leaves and their capacity to cause indigestion; they may contain chemicals that disrupt populations of beneficial bacteria in the digestive tract.” (Hilty)

1393 original - Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot

1396 original - Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot

Type: Herbaceous perennial
Family: Lamiaceae
Native Range: North America
Zone: 3 to 9
Height: 2.00 to 4.00 feet
Spread: 2.00 to 3.00 feet
Bloom Time: July to September
Bloom Description: Pink/lavender
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Water: Dry to medium
Maintenance: Medium
Suggested Use: Herb, Naturalize, Rain Garden
Flower: Showy, Fragrant, Good Cut, Good Dried
Leaf: Fragrant
Attracts: Hummingbirds, Butterflies
Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Clay Soil, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil, Black Walnut

Covers
  1. Copyright Long Island Natives
  2. “Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)” by wackybadger is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0
  3. Flower with Bumblebee (Cabarrus County,NC)” by Hope Duckworth is licensed under CC BY 4.0
  4. mature flower, early summer, Durham County, NC” By Carol Tierney is licensed under CC BY 4.0
  5. “Monarda fistulosa WILD BERGAMOT” by gmayfield10 is licensed under CC PDM 1.0
  6. “Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)” by wackybadger is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Introduction


 

 

Information and images compiled by Erik N. Vegeto

Disclaimer Notice:

Creative Commons will not be liable to You or any party on any legal theory for any damages whatsoever, including without limitation any general, special, incidental or consequential damages arising in connection to this license.

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